PFAS-coated clothes that are thrown away will often end up either incinerated or in landfill. Unless incinerated at very high temperatures (>1000oC), fluorinated polymers could release more harmful PFAS during burning. PFAS of environmental concern have also been found in landfill leachate. PFAS is found in treated waste water from industrial and domestic sources and has been found in both rivers and groundwater. Conventional drinking water processes will not remove PFAS.Small quantities of PFAS will be removed during wash and wear of products containing PFAS. This includes fluorinated polymers used on stain-resistant coatings, and non-polymers that remain on clothes after production (Lassen et al. 2015).Non-polymer PFAS can build up in blood protein of animals, and is not always removed quickly. This means that predators eating PFAS-contaminated food will have higher levels in their bloodstream, and concentrations can increase up the food chain. Studies suggest that build up of PFAS is similar to those of other Persistent Organic Pollutants such as DDT.PFAS are estimated to be settling in arctic regions at rates of tens to hundreds of kilograms per year (25-850kg per year), depending on the specific PFAS chemical in question. Certain PFAS are released as gases to the environment and are blown a long way by wind and air currents in the atmosphere,. These gas PFAS will over time degrade to more persistent chemicals like PFOS and PFOA. This may be one reason why PFAS of environmental concern have been found in remote regions such as the Arctic as well as near PFAS production sitesPFAS including PFOS and PFOA have been found in air samples around Europe. The chemicals are found in small quantities, but appear in almost all samples tested. PFAS enters the atmosphere both from factories and the air inside our homes. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17554424 Non-polymer PFAS are used in the production of fluorinated polymers. The manufacture of stain-resistant finishes generally releases these PFASs into the environment, both by air and water emissions. They are very hard to remove during water treatment. Workers in textiles factories are some of the population most exposed to these potentially harmful chemicals.

3G artificial pitches are a large and growing source of microplastic pollution.

Every year, thousands of tonnes of microplastic granules are lost from 3G pitches. Transported off the pitch by maintenance activities or kicked off during play, these granules end up in the environment. As a growing source of microplastic pollution, 3G sports pitches need new tactics to prevent the loss of microplastic.

At Fidra, we have set up the Pitch In project, along with KIMO international, to tackle microplastic pollution from 3G pitches head on.

Learn more about the problem

Microplastic granules, often made from old car tyres, can easily escape from a 3G pitch. Lost granules can end up down drains, in nearby rivers and can build up in local soil, where they can cause harm to wildlife.

Discover the solution

There are lots of ways to stop microplastic pollution from pitches. Whether you design, manage or simply play on a pitch, everyone can play their part.

We’ve pulled together information on the key solutions; from alternatives to plastic, to measures that can be used to stop microplastic escaping into the environment.

Take part

Want to help be part of the solution?

Whether you are involved in providing or maintain pitches, or you are a part of the community who uses 3G pitches, we have created some useful information, a number of downloadable resources and several ways you can get involved.

Who are we?

Pitch In is a project developed and delivered by Fidra, an environmental charity based in East Lothian, Scotland, in collaboration with KIMO International.

The aim: to end microplastic pollution from 3G artificial turf.

Our work uses information collated from researchers, industry, government and other NGOs along with best available science, to establish and inform a wider dialogue with the 3G artificial turf industry and the communities who use and benefit from them, on how to end microplastic pollution from 3G turf.

Fidra is a Scottish registered charity and SCIO no.SCO43895 visit  www.fidra.org.uk to find out more about our work to end chemical and plastic pollution.